International Civil Aviation Organization – Target and Rules for Carbon Emission Reduction
In October 2016, representatives of governments, business and civil society reached an effective resolution of the < ICAO A39-3 > on new global market-based measures to control CO2 emissions from aviation industry.
The resolution states:
· The International Civil Aviation Organization sets its 2020 emissions for its 192 national jurisdictions as its baseline emissions.
· The International Civil Aviation Organization requires starting from 2021, airlines to have their EU emissions not exceeding their 2020 emissions. The excess must be offset.
· The emission reduction obligation will be officially implemented on January 1, 2021. The full cycle will be divided into three phases:
a) 2021 to 2023 is phase I – voluntary phase;
b) 2024-2026 is phase II – transition phase;
c) 2027 to 2032 is phase III – mandatory phase.
· Based on the result of 2032 emissions reductions, ICAO will decide whether to develop new emission reduction tasks.
At present, 78 countries (3/4 global routes) have already officially given their positive replies to the International Civil Aviation Organization to state their implementation of emission reduction tasks will begin in 2021.